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雅思大作文话题思路解析

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社会工作类
<section><section><section><section><p>雅思大作文话题思路解析(四)社会工作类</p></section></section></section></section><p><br></p><section><section><section><section><p>社会工作类话题与题目是雅思大作文考试中的旧题。题目虽旧但是考察的频率却居高不下。今年的加试场20191212中国大陆卷就考到了该类题目。</p><p>原题为The young people in the workforce are changing their jobs or career everyfew years.What do you think are the reasons?Do you think the advantages out weighthe disadvantages?积累下面的素材,将对写这道题目以及其相关题目有很大的帮助。</p></section><section><section><br></section><section><br></section><section><br></section></section></section></section></section><section><section><section><section><p><strong>THE BENEFITS OF STAYING IN THE SAME JOB FOR LIFE</strong></p><p>      ●Employees have a stable career with one employer</p><p>      ●They have a good pension and health insurance</p><p>      ●Their salaries gradually increase</p><p>      ●They may be promoted within the organization</p><p>      ●They demonstrate loyalty</p><p>      ●Experienced staff can be trusted with more responsibility</p><p>      ●They become part of a team</p><p>      ●There is a clearly defined path for development</p><p><br></p><p><strong>终身从事同一工作的好处</strong></p><p>●员工与一个雇主有稳定的职业生涯</p><p>● 他们有良好的养老金和医疗保险</p><p>● 他们的工资逐渐增加</p><p>● 他们可能在组织内得到提升</p><p>● 他们表现出忠诚</p><p>● 有经验的员工可以被信任,承担更多的责任</p><p>● 他们成为团队的一部分</p><p>● 有明确的发展道路</p><p><br></p></section></section></section></section><p><br></p><section><section><section><section><p><strong>THE BENEFITS OF NOT STAYING IN THE SAME JOB</strong></p><p dir="ltr"><br></p><p>●People often change jobs in order to further their career</p><p>●Another company may offer a promotion or a higher salary</p><p>●People who change jobs can gain experience</p><p>●They can learn different skills</p><p>●Changing jobs is interesting and challenging</p><p>●People can retrain in a different occupation</p><p>●In a fast-changing world workers need to be flexible</p><p>●People need to develop a range of experience and skills</p><p><br></p><p><strong>不做同一份工作的好处</strong></p><p>● 人们经常换工作以促进他们的职业发展</p><p>●  一家公司可能提供升职或更高的薪水</p><p>● 换工作的人可以获得经验</p><p>● 他们可以学习不同的技能</p><p>● 更换工作既有趣又富有挑战性</p><p>● 人们可以在不同的职业中再培训</p><p>● 在瞬息万变的世界中,工人需要灵活。</p><p>● 人们需要发展一系列经验和技能</p><p dir="ltr"><br></p></section></section></section></section><p><br></p><p><br></p><section><section><section><section><h3><strong>SELF-EMPLOYMENT</strong><strong></strong></h3><p>● Nowadays, it is easy to set up a company</p><p>● The Internet provides a global marketplace</p><p>● Self-employment offers greater freedom than working for a company</p><p>● However, there are risks to starting a new business</p><p>● Self-employed people may face financial difficulties</p><p>● Many businesses fail to make a profit</p><p>● There is less stability in self-employment</p><p>● There are no benefits like pensions, sick pay and holiday pay</p><p>● Self-employment involved hard work, long hours and total responsibility</p><p><strong> </strong></p><p><strong>自营职业</strong></p><p>● 如今,成立一家公司很容易</p><p>● 互联网提供了一个全球市场</p><p>● 自雇比为公司工作提供更大的自由</p><p>● 然而,新业务的开展存在风险</p><p>● 个体经营者可能面临财务困难</p><p>● 许多企业无法盈利</p><p>● 自营职业的稳定性较差</p><p>● 没有养老金、病假工资和假日工资等福利</p><p>● 自营职业包括努力工作、长时间工作和全面负责</p><p><br></p></section></section></section></section><p><br></p><p><br></p><section><section><section><section><h3><strong>UNEMPLOYMENT</strong><strong></strong></h3><p>●Unemployment is a big problem for individuals, communities and society</p><p>●Some people are unable to find a job</p><p>●They may not have the sufficient level of education or qualifications</p><p>●They may find themselves homeless</p><p>●Unemployment causes frustration and stress</p><p>●Jobless people may become involved in crime as a means to getmoney</p><p>●The unemployed need careers advice</p><p>●Governments need to provide vocational courses and retraining</p><p> </p><p><strong>失业</strong></p><p>● 失业是个人、社区和社会的大问题</p><p>● 有些人找不到工作</p><p>● 他们可能没有足够的教育水平或资格</p><p>● 他们可能会发现自己无家可归</p><p>● 失业会导致挫折和压力</p><p>● 失业者可能会参与犯罪,以此来赚钱</p><p>● 失业者需要职业建议</p><p>● 政府需要提供职业课程和再培训</p><p><br></p></section></section></section></section><p><br></p><p><br></p><section><section><section><section><h3><strong>UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS: POSITIVES</strong><strong></strong></h3><p>● Some governments pay unemployment benefits in order to help jobless people</p><p>● Unemployed people need financial support until they find a new job</p><p>● By claiming benefits they can continue to pay for their homes</p><p>● The benefits system helps to reduce poverty, homelessness and crime</p><p><br></p><p><strong>失业救济金:积极因素</strong></p><p>● 一些政府支付失业救济金以帮助失业者</p><p>● 失业者在找到新工作之前需要财政支持</p><p>● 通过申领福利金,他们可以继续支付住房费用</p><p>● 福利制度有助于减少贫困、无家可归和犯罪</p><p><br></p><section><section><section><section><h3><strong>UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS: NEGATIVES</strong><strong></strong></h3><p>● Some people claim benefits rather than working</p><p>● They become dependent on the government</p><p>● They are not motivated to find a job</p><p>● The benefits system is a burden on taxpayers</p><p>● All citizens should work to earn a living and support themselves</p><p>● Receiving benefits affects people’s self esteem</p><p><br></p><p><strong>失业救济金:消极因素</strong></p><p>● 一些人要求福利而不是工作</p><p>● 他们开始依赖政府</p><p>● 他们没有找到工作的动力</p><p>● 福利制度是纳税人的负担</p><p>● 所有公民都应该工作谋生和养活自己</p><p>● 受惠会影响人们的自尊</p><p><br></p></section></section></section></section><p><br></p><p><br></p><section><section><section><br></section></section></section><section><section><section><section><h3><strong>WORK/LIFE BALANCE</strong><strong></strong></h3><p>● It is important to achieve a balance between work time and leisure or family time</p><p>● Too much work can result in stress and poor health</p><p>● “workaholics” may neglect their families and friends</p><p>● People need to take regular holidays</p><p>● Companies should be expect employees to work overtime</p><p>● Nowadays, many people work part-time or have flexible working hours</p><p>● Technology allow people to work from home</p><p>● Many companies provide childcare facilities</p><p>● A good work/ life balance can raise job satisfaction</p><p>● Happy, healthy workers are more productive<strong></strong></p><p><br></p><p><strong>工作/生活平衡</strong></p><p>● 在工作时间和休闲或家庭时间之间取得平衡是很重要的</p><p>● 过多的工作会导致压力和健康不良</p><p>● “工作狂”可能会忽视他们的家人和朋友</p><p>● 人们需要定期休假</p><p>● 公司应该期望员工加班</p><p>● 如今,许多人兼职或有灵活的工作时间。</p><p>● 技术允许人们在家工作</p><p>● 许多公司提供儿童保育设施</p><p>● 良好的工作/生活平衡可以提高工作满意度</p><p>● 快乐健康的员工更有效率</p><p><br></p></section></section></section></section><p><br></p><p><br></p><section><section><section><section><h3><strong>TECHNOLOGY AND WORK</strong><strong></strong></h3><p>● Internet, fax and mobile phone technologies have revolutionize d working life</p><p>●  Workers can communicate via email, online networks and video conferencing</p><p>● Technology can connect workers in different countries</p><p>● It gives people more freedom</p><p>● It can also save time and money</p><p>● Some people believe that offices could disappear in the future</p><p>● Virtual online offices may replace them</p><p><strong> </strong></p><p><strong>技术和工作</strong></p><p>●  互联网、传真和移动电话技术彻底改变了工作生活</p><p>●  员工可以通过电子邮件、在线网络和视频会议进行交流</p><p>●  技术可以连接不同国家的工人</p><p>●  它给人们更多的自由</p><p>●  它还可以节省时间和金钱</p><p>●  有些人认为未来办公室可能会消失</p><p>●  虚拟在线办公室可以取代它们</p><p><br></p></section></section></section></section><p><br></p><p><br></p><section><section><section><section><h3><strong>CHILD LABOUR</strong><strong></strong></h3><p>● In some countries, children are exploited</p><p>● They do repetitive jobs for very low pay</p><p>● Children are often used in agriculture and factory work</p><p>● The employment of children is prohibited in other countries</p><p>● Many people think that children should be free to enjoy their childhood</p><p>● Governments should make education a priority</p><p>● They should build new schools</p><p>● They should supply the resources to educate children</p><p>● Children need to be given the knowledge and skills for adult life</p><p> </p><h3><strong>童工</strong></h3><p>●  在一些国家,儿童受到剥削</p><p>●  他们做重复性的工作,报酬很低</p><p>●  儿童经常被用于农业和工厂工作</p><p>●  其他国家禁止雇用儿童</p><p>●  很多人认为孩子应该自由地享受他们的童年</p><p>●  政府应优先重视教育</p><p>●  他们应该建造新学校</p><p>●  他们应该提供教育儿童的资源</p><p>●  儿童需要获得成人生活所需的知识和技能</p></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section>
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